С-84

С-84
БРАТЬ/ВЗЯТЬ СВОЁ VP
1. (subj: human
usu. pfv ) to achieve one's desired, established aim (when in conflict with another person or when struggling against adverse circumstances)
X возьмёт своё = X will succeed (prevail, win out)
X will get (have) his way (in limited contexts) X's turn (day, moment) will come X will get back at person Y X will take his revenge.
«Дождались станишники (phonetic spelling = станичники) своего часа. И уж они, будьте покойны, они своё возьмут» (Максимов 3). This is just what the Cossacks have been waiting for. They'll take their revenge, don't you worry" (3a).
2. ( subj: a noun denoting a season, natural phenomenon etc) to manifest itself fully
X возьмёт своё = X will come into its own.
...Весна брала своё. Все кругом золотисто зеленело... (Тургенев 2). .. .Spring was coming into its own. All around him was the gold and verdure of spring... (2a).
3. ( subj: abstr) to render its typical effect, dominate, usu. in an evident manner
X брал свое - X was making itself felt
X was having its way X was claiming its own X was prevailing ( usu. of old age, illness etc) X was taking its toll X was telling (on person Y) X was catching up (with person Y) (of age only) person Y was feeling his age (of disease only) X was overpowering person Y.
Так жила тетя Маша со своими богатырскими дочерями -бедно, вольно, неряшливо. Дети и сама она питались чем попало, но могучая природа брала своё, и все они выглядели румяными, сильными, довольными (Искандер 3). Thus Aunt Masha lived with her herculean daughters-poor, free, and slovenly. The children, and she herself, lived from hand to mouth, but mighty nature had its way and all of them looked rosy, strong, and content (3a).
«...Слышу, патер в дырочку (исповедальни) ей (девушке) назначает вечером свидание, а ведь старик - кремень, и вот пал в одно мгновение! Природа-то, правда-то природы взяла своё!» (Достоевский 2). "...I heard the priest arranging a rendezvous with her (the girl) for that evening through the hole (of the confessional booth)
the old man was solid as a rock, but he fell in an instant! It was nature, the truth of nature, claiming its own!" (2a).
...Молодость брала своё: горе Наташи начало покрываться слоем впечатлений прожитой жизни, оно перестало такою мучительною болью лежать ей на сердце, начинало становиться прошедшим, и Наташа стала физически оправляться (Толстой 6). ...Youth prevailed: Natasha's grief began to be submerged under the impressions of daily life and ceased to weigh so heavily on her heart, it gradually faded into the past, and she began to recover physically (6a).
Он был уже так слаб от двенадцати (уколов), уже (врачи) качали головами над его анализами крови, - а надо было выдержать ещё столько же? Не мытьём, так катаньем болезнь брала своё (Солженицын 10). Не was so weak from the twelve (injections) he had had-already they (the doctors) were shaking their heads over his blood count-might he really have to endure the same number again? By hook or by crook the disease was overpowering him (10a).

Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь. — М.: ACT-ПРЕСС КНИГА. . 2004.

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